Explanation
Lifestyle categories

Clinical Case Vicair Multifunctional Back

Treatment of a category IV pressure injury on the spine of a CVA client and solving lateral trunk instability

Introduction

All wheelchair users are at risk of developing skin damage. When there are additional aggressive positioning needs, this risk only increases.
This clinical case describes the treatment of a category IV pressure injury and the process of achieving lateral trunk stability. The person in this case study is a CVA patient with hemiplegia.

Medical History

Mr. W. is an active 80-year-old male, who is still living life to the fullest. In 2010 Mr. W. suffered a CVA (aneurism in the cerebri media), resulting in a coma and hemiplegia. After one day Mr. W. awoke from his coma. Surgery was performed immediately, including a coiling procedure, at the Academic Medical Centre in Alkmaar (The Netherlands).

After a 6-month rehabilitation period at the Military Rehabilitation Centre Aardenburg, Mr. W. had recovered from the paralysis of his left leg caused by the CVA.

In 2011 a manual wheelchair was purchased, as the fatigued Mr. W. still wanted to fully participate in society. Because of his poor posture in this chair, a category II pressure injury on his spine developed. In an attempt to solve the poor posture and the pressure injury, the Rehabilitation Centre’s occupational therapist prescribed a power tilt-in-space wheelchair, with the intention that this chair would help to improve the body posture. The chair’s tilt-function should also redistribute the pressure.

However, in the period 2011-2014 the pressure injury problem was never fully resolved. In this period the kyphotic posture got worse because of osteoporosis. To treat fibromyalgia a low dose of prednisone was added to the list of daily medication. The patient also increasingly suffered from polyneuropathy, resulting in intense sharp pains.

In 2015 I became Mr. W.’s outpatient occupational therapist. I asked the local council health department to provide him with a Vicair back cushion.

Definition of the problem

The tilt-in-space chair was provided with a Deep Contour foam back cushion. This back cushion provided insufficient pressure redistribution. Also it did not provide optimal body posture as it was not able to fully follow the kyphotic body contours. The small wound on his spine had progressed into a category IV pressure injury (see pictures).

The intended purpose of the application of the Vicair Multifunctional back cushion

filling grade adjustment Vicair Multifunctional back clinical case
Filling grade overview +
adjusted compartments

Through the use of the Vicair Multifunctional back we were able to offload the pressure on the pressure injury area. We removed SmartCells from the centre compartment to achieve this.

Because of the depth of the Vicair back support we were better able to follow the contour of his kyphosis, resulting in improved pressure distribution.

When Mr. W. became tired, he tended to lean to the right. By fixing a lateral support with a Vicair custom made insert on it to the wheelchair back, Mr. W. was sufficiently supported and able to maintain his upright position. The Vicair custom made insert should also help to optimally redistribute pressure to prevent pressure sores in that area.

Vicair Multifunctional back with Vicair Custom Made lateral support
Vicair Multifunctional back with Vicair Custom Made lateral support

Results

Mr. W. feels that he is finally in control of his own seating position.

Reduction of the pain relief medication: from 8 to 2 daily morphine pills.

The pressure redistribution and high level of comfort provided by the Vicair Multifunctional back, enable the patient to rest in the tilt position of
his chair without experiencing any pain.

Mr. W. experiences less pain when driving in his power wheelchair. This increases his independence.

The category IV pressure injury on his spine has healed (see picture).

Clinical case vicair multifunctional back healed decubitus wound
After 3 months of using the Multifunctional back

Final analysis

By using the Vicair Multifunctional back and lateral support Mr. W.’s comfort, pressure redistribution and stability have improved significantly.

With the pressure injury healed Mr. W. has more independence, as the amount of wound care and pain medication could be reduced. Because of
this Mr. W. has a clearer mind and is able to stay active for longer periods during the day.

Altogether these improvements enable Mr. W. to do what he wants to do most: to live life to the fullest.

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